When and how should you get vaccinated?
Vaccination is considered primary prevention, which means the prevention before the disease progresses. The vaccination can help stimulate the body to build immunity against the pathogen. Getting vaccinated can help reduce the intensity of infection and the mortality rate, as well as reducing the likelihood of infection and the severity of illness.
There are two types of Influenza Vaccine:
Cervical Cancer Vaccine
There are three types of HPV (Human Papillomavirus) vaccines:
The shingle vaccine (Zostavax) can reduce the chance of developing shingles by 51% and reduce the post infected symptoms by 67%. With or without having shingles or chickenpox before, the vaccine is recommended for only one injection for adults over 60 years old.
Diphtheria and Tetanus Vaccine
Diphtheria tetanus vaccine (dT) is a mandatory vaccine for all children 7 years of age and older, with three doses at intervals of 0, 1 and 6 months, followed by the booster every 10 years. Moreover, pregnant women and people with wounds should receive tetanus-diphtheria vaccination as they are more likely to be contaminated with tetanus.
Pneumonia vaccine (Pneumococcal vaccine) is a vaccine for preventing bacterial infections. Two types of pneumonia vaccine are:
Hepatitis B Vaccine
Hepatitis B Vaccine prevents infection from the hepatitis B virus and it can help prevent liver cancer resulting from hepatitis B. Hepatitis B virus can cause 80% of liver cancer and is the second leading cause of cancer death. All Thai children should receive 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccination with intervals of 0, 1 and 6 months. In general, people after the injection can build up to 95% immunity to hepatitis B and can prevent lifelong infection.